In some cases, early testicular cancers cause symptoms that lead men to seek medical attention. Most of the time a lump on the testicle is the first sign. Unfortunately, however, some testicular cancers may not cause symptoms until after reaching an advanced stage.
The symptoms of testicular cancer include:
- A painless lump or swelling in either testicle
- A change in how the testicle feels
- A dull ache in the lower abdomen or the groin
- A sudden build-up of fluid in the scrotum, or
- Pain or discomfort in a testicle or in the scrotum
Some providers recommend monthly testicular self-examinations (TSEs) for men over the age of 15. To detect testicular cancer, all men should be familiar with the size and feel of their testicles, so they can be aware of any changes. These exams are referred to as TSEs. A TSE should be conducted following a warm bath or shower, when the skin of the scrotum is relaxed. After looking for any changes in appearance, carefully examine each testicle by rolling it between the fingers and thumb to check for any lumps.
If you discover any irregularities during a TSE, or if you experience any symptoms, be sure to notify your provider immediately. Early detection is key to the effective treatment of testicular cancer.