When testicular cancer is considered likely, a provider may suggest removing the effected testicle and spermatic cord in a procedure called an orchiectomy. The spermatic cord contains blood and lymph vessels that can act as a pathway for testicular cancer to spread to the rest of the body. To minimize the risk that cancer cells will spread, these vessels are tied off early in the operation. This procedure is performed through an incision in the groin.
The entire specimen is sent to the laboratory where a pathologist examines the tissue under a microscope. If cancer cells are present, the pathologist sends back a report describing the type and extent of the cancer.