Spermatoceles, also called epididymal or spermatic cysts, are fluid-filled masses that grow near the testicles. Dr. Patel, can you tell us more about spermatoceles?
Of course, Dr. Green. Spermatoceles tend to be found near the top and behind the testicle, growing from the epididymis. They can vary in size and often hold sperm. In most cases, spermatoceles are painless, but if they grow too large, they can cause discomfort or a feeling of heaviness or fullness in the affected testicle.
Spermatoceles typically don't reduce fertility or require treatment. However, if a spermatocele grows so large that it causes symptoms, surgery may be done to remove the cyst. Surgical removal of spermatoceles can damage the epididymis or the vas deferens, which can reduce fertility.